Lemon Sharks Facts!

Lemon Shark by Albert Kok cc3.0

Lemon Sharks Facts!

Lemon Shark by Albert Kok cc3.0

The Lemon Shark gets its name from its yellow coloured body, though its belly is off-white. The shark inhabits coastal areas and its coloration provides it a camouflage against sandy sea floor. It is mostly found in subtropical waters, and it picks its habitat where the water is shallow with rocky or sandy floors. It is known to return to specific nursery sites for breeding; nursery sites are the shallow-water mangrove areas that the lemon sharks live in or near. They grow to an average of 8-10 feet in length. Female lemon sharks are viviparous, i.e. they give birth to live young instead of laying eggs.


Electroreceptors in a sharks head, including Ampullae of Lorenzini and Lateral Line canals. By Chris_huh image

The eyesight of this shark is not very good so it relies on its sense of smell to catch prey. However at night, it makes use of electroreceptors in its head called ampullae of Lorenzini. These electroreceptors can detect the electrical pulses emitted by prey. This helps the shark to track prey at night.

Lemon Shark Prey

Feeding lemon shark, Oregon Coast by University of Aberdeen cc4.0

The diet of the shark consists of mainly fish including catfish, mullet, stingrays etc, and also crustaceans and mollusks. It feeds on prey that is slow, and easier to catch by stalking. When the shark has a grip on the prey with its jaws, it will shake its head from side to side so that a good chunk of meat will tear off from the prey.

Lemon Shark Videos

The YouTube video below contains a playlist of 5 videos about Lemon sharks. The list of videos featured is underneath.

Click to go back to the book page and video list…
Sharks! Books

The Playlist:

  1. Lemon Sharks by National Geographic. Not all sharks are solitary animals. The lemon shark rests with friends.
  2. Lemon Sharks by Thierry Minet. Bahamas, November 2008 with Thierry Minet and some Lemon Sharks.
  3. Juvenile Lemon Shark Research – Bimini, Bahamas – 2012 by CJ Crooks. Staff and volunteers at the Bimini Biological Field Station ‘Sharklab’ catch and tag four juvenile lemon sharks (Negaprion brevirostris) at a nursery in East Bimini, Bahamas.Researchers attach accelerometers to the dorsal fin of the sharks. This tag aids in determining field metabolic rate of the species. The sharks are then released to the wild for five days whilst the tags collect data.Sharks are subsequently re-caught, the tags are removed and the sharks are then re-released back into the wild.
  4. Untamed Americas : Lemon Shark Birth by National Geographic. A lemon shark’s birth, captured on camera for the first time.
  5. Taxi the Lemon Shark – SDM Blog # 13 by Eli Martinez. This is a blog about one of Eli’s favorite sharks – a lemon shark named Taxi.


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