Despite its name, the black rhino is actually grey in color. It has two horns made of tough keratin, which are used for intimidation and protection, and also for digging up roots and breaking branches when feeding. These deadly horns, as well as their tough skin and impressive size, keep them safe from non-human predators. Black rhinos are very hostile and will charge directly at any perceived threats.
Another defining feature is the pointed, prehensile (adapted for grabbing) upper lip, which enables it to grasp leaves and twigs when feeding. The black rhino is an herbivorous browser that feeds on vegetation found in its habitat.
Black rhinos have extremely poor eyesight, and therefore depend greatly on their senses of hearing and smell. They are very territorial, solitary animals. They mark their territory by defecating throughout their range and by spraying urine — these urine spurts reach up to 9.8 to 13.1 feet (3 to 4 meters) and are found along water tracks and feeding areas. Females also urinate to leave their scent for potential mates. One rhino can determine the age, sex and identity of another from its urine and feces. Black rhinos also rub up against rocks or trees to leave their scent, though not as often.
Black rhinos are featured in the following book:
25 of the most endangered animals.
The YouTube video playlist below contains videos about black rhino. Details of the videos featured are underneath.
- Saving the Black Rhino by NationalGeographic
- Don’t get in the way of a black rhino charge – Ultimate Killers – BBC wildlife
- Black rhinos moved to new home by helicopter | WWF
- Black rhino charges film crew by earthtouch
- ourists get too close to a black rhinoceros and baby in African safari – BBC wildlife