Hamadryas baboon (Papio hamadryas)


Hamadryas baboon (Papio hamadryas)
Face of Hamadryas baboon (Papio hamadryas) by Bjørn Christian Tørrissen cc3.0

Baboons are some of the largest monkeys in the world. They adapt very easily to new homes, and are found in various locations around Africa and Arabia. There are five species of baboons: olive, chacma, Guinea, yellow and hamadryas.

Baboons have long, dog-like muzzles, close-set eyes and strong jaws with razor-sharp teeth. Most of their body is covered by thick fur, except for the face and buttocks. Their buttocks have hairless, rough pads of pink skin called ischial callosities. These rough spots on their rumps allow them to sit comfortably.


Baboon Troop
A troop of baboons on a road in Tanzania, 2001. image credit Andicat.

Baboons are very social animals — they groom, sleep, feed and travel in large groups. Grooming is the primary way they bond with other baboons, and it also helps them to be hygienic and free of parasites.

Baboons are terrestrial animals. A baboon’s suitable habitat should be safe and should have enough water sources. They drink often when water is available but when it isn’t, they lick the night dew from their fur to survive. They can manage like this for long periods until they find water.

Baboons are featured in the following book:
25 Awesome Apes & Monkeys

The YouTube video playlist below contains videos about baboons.
Details of the videos featured are underneath.
Follow this link for more monkey videos.

The Playlist:

  1. Hungry Monkey by NationalGeographic
  2. World’s Deadliest – Lion Cubs vs. Baboon by NatGeoWild
  3. Beachside Baboons by NatGeoWild
  4. Baboons kidnap and raise feral dogs as pets by Allie Skylar
  5. Baboon vs. Flamingo by NationalGeographic


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