The Arctic wolf, like all mammals inhabiting the arctic tundra, is specially adapted to that hostile climate. It has two layers of thick fur for better protection — the first layer acts like a water-proof barrier, and the second is for insulation. During the winter their coat grows thicker, due to the extra-cold weather. Their feet are also hairy, so that they don’t freeze on the ice, and also to provide them with a good grip when they walk on slippery surfaces.
These wolves usually live in packs. The size of the pack depends on the availability of food. Sometimes they have to go for days without food, so they scarf down as much as possible when they do find it. They can eat more than 20 pounds (9 kilograms) of meat in one feeding.
They are carnivores — their prey consists of lemmings, arctic foxes, seals and anything else they can find. They have strong jaws and teeth specially adapted to rip flesh and crunch the bones of their prey.
Newborns, usually born in a litter of up to twelve, can’t see or hear, and are therefore completely defenseless against predators. The mother rarely leaves them during this time, but when they are about 3 months old, both the mother and the young join the pack. Then the whole pack supports the young. They will sometimes regurgitate partly eaten food to feed the pups.
Arctic Wolves are featured in the following book:
25 Polar Animals
The YouTube video playlist below contains videos about Arctic Wolves. Details of the videos featured are underneath.
- Musk Oxen vs. Arctic Wolves by NationalGeographic
- Arctic Wolf vs. Bison by k4bloggs
- Arctic Wolf vs PakCanoe by David Plante
- Arctic Wolf (Canis lupus arctos) by tomb0171
- Two Arctic Wolf Babies by ChristinaM2007